Construction Consultant

Construction Consultant

Records to be Maintained at Construction Site

Records at Construction Site

The following are the various records that need to be maintained at the construction site,

1. Drawings 

First and foremost import records to be maintained on-site are the working drawings approved by the clients and design engineer, based on which all the construction activities take place on-site. There are a different type of drawings required for construction, some of the basic required drawings are,

  • Architectural drawing
  • Structural drawing
  • Plumbing & sanitary drawing
  • Electrical drawing
  • Finishing drawing etc.

2. Contract Agreement

Contract agreement documents including all sets of drawings, including amendments, a copy of the approval of municipality, corporation or urban development authorities need to be maintained at construction sites till the completion of construction projects. These documents provide permission and guidelines for all the activities carried out at the construction site.

3. Time and Progress Charts or CPM Charts

These charts help in tracking the construction activities from time to time and help in effective planning, scheduling and controlling the construction projects activities. These charts need to be approved by the concerned authorities.

4. Work Orders Book

All the orders given by clients to the contractors need to be maintained with serial numbers, signatures, and dates. These orders should be specific for works. This order should also have a compliance column.

5. Works Diary

Works diary of a construction project should indicate contract agreement number, name of work, amount of contract, date of commencement of work, date of completion and extension time granted.

All the relevant details need to be entered daily in the works diary. This diary serves as an authentic record. Following details need to be entered in this diary with due care:

  1. Weather at site
  2. Important materials brought to the site with their approximate quantity
  3. Types of transport working at the site
  4. Types of tools and plants being used at the site
  5. Important items of works completed and passed on the particular date
  6. Visits of VIPs and their remarks if any.

6. Works Passing Records

This record maintains all the activities to be carried out at the construction site. It consists of an index page with details of all items of works to be done under the contract and other pages with details of the progress of each work. This helps in tracking the progress of each activity of construction and helps in pre-planning for other remaining activities which start after completion of current activity. This also helps in acquiring approvals before the time for activities to be started.

7. Tests Results Record

This is an important record to be maintained at the construction site as a proof for construction quality. This record consists of tests of various materials such as cement, sand, aggregates, water, steel reinforcement used at a construction site, test records of concrete cubes, concrete cylinders, slump tests, etc.

These records are arranged as an index page with details of each material, page numbers of records, etc. Individual pages consist of each material, with their test dates, results, etc.

All the tests carried out at the site or in the laboratory are recorded in this record book. Some of the tests carried out at construction sites for civil works are:

  • Cube tests for concrete work for each location or structural members.
  • Sieve analysis of coarse aggregates, impact or abrasion tests.
  • Sieve analysis of coarse sand for concrete works, masonry sands for masonry works, plastering and pointing works, etc.
  • Tests for impurities of aggregates and sands.
  • Bulking of sand test for concrete and masonry works.
  • Slump tests and compacting factor tests for concrete works.
  • Crushing strength test, tolerance, water absorption test, efflorescence tests of bricks, stones or masonry work.
  • Moisture contents of timber.
  • Manufacturer tests report provided by the vendors for admixtures, reinforcing steels, etc.

8. Cement Register

This record is maintained with details of receipts, daily consumptions and the remaining balance of cement at site. This record also consists of manufacturing dates of cement, date of receipt and test reports of cement at site or manufacturers test reports.

9. Register for Approval of Samples

This record provides details of all the samples for construction materials that have been approved or rejected by the clients. Approvals from the client is necessary for the construction materials to be used before the commencement of the project. All the samples approved by the clients need to be kept separately along with their tests reports with approvals of the clients and contractors till the completion of the work.

10. Records of Changes, Deviation Orders and Amendments

Many times during the construction projects, there are deviations or changes or amendments to the contract documents and work activities from time to time during construction project as required by the clients. These changes can be in a drawing, specifications or additional works.

A record of all such deviation orders and amendments to contract agreement together with their financial effect should be maintained along with approval or signatures from the clients. If these changes involve in any extension of time of the contract, these should also be recorded.

11. Measurement Books

The measurement book is a record for all the construction activities carried out and approved by the client. These records are important for a contractor to maintain and help during billing claims. Any extra work done is also recorded in this book with notes.

12. Labour Attendance Record and Daily Wages Sheet

Generally, for labor contractor payments, daily or every shift attendance record is kept. Apart from the above, technical staff attendance, engineers, supervisors, and peon attendance register is kept.

13. Periodic Bills Record

Bills on work till date from the previous bill and work checked by engineer-in-charge put up for the payment.

SRC: TheConstractor

Construction Consultant

CONSTRUCTION SAFETY TIPS FOR RAINY SPRING WEATHER

DON’T LET RAINY SPRING WEATHER GET THE BEST OF YOUR SAFETY PROGRAM

Unless it’s pouring, it’s easy to forget how dangerous rain can be. Even a mild drizzle or a 30-minutes shower sets up the potential for slip and fall hazards and visibility issues that compromise worker safety. Consider that rainy conditions affect:

  • Protective Gear. If your employees are working in the rain, they need to have the appropriate protective gear, including raincoats and waterproof footwear. If work is being done near moving water, your employees need to wear flotation devices.
  • Live Wires. Wet weather brings a higher probability that electrical cables can be live.
  • Slippery Surfaces. From walkways and roofs to scaffolding and the wet ground surrounding trenches, the presence of moisture means an increased chance of slip and fall accidents.
  • Cave-Ins. Dug out areas of the earth are more prone to cave-ins.
  • Heavy Equipment Difficulties. The combination of rain and high winds can make it more difficult to operate certain pieces of equipment, especially those with higher profiles such as cranes.
  • Lightning Strikes. Rain and thunderstorms increase the chances of lightning strikes, so workers should be kept away from cranes, exposed steel framework and other equipment or building features that can act as lightning rods.

Protect Workers from Cold Stress. Like heat stress, cold stress can creep up on an employee quickly.  It can happen in temperatures as high as 50° F with the addition of wind and rain. The first line of defense is protective clothing; Employees should wear layers, with the outer layer consisting of rain gear. Set up shelters where employees can get a break from the wind and rain. Use space heaters safely and appropriately if necessary. Train workers to recognize the signs of cold stress and have them work in pairs so employees notice when their partner is exhibiting signs of cold stress.

Maintain a Clear View. Visibility is critical for a safe working environment. Just a few drops on an employee’s safety goggles or a dark, cloudy or foggy day are enough to compromise clear visibility. Safety goggles should be cleaned or wiped down with anti-fogging sprays or wipes before employees head outside. Change the timers on your outdoor lights so the workspace remains illuminated during daylight hours if clouds or fog are present.

Be Smart about Equipment Use. If employees are working in the elements, they should be using equipment that is rated specifically for outdoor use. If conditions are wet, make sure employees are using tools with textures, non-slip handles.

Move Slowly and Methodically. We all have a tendency to work as fast as possible in inclement weather so we can get back indoors. Unfortunately, this is a recipe for accident disaster. Instead, coach your employees to work slowly and methodically to lessen their chances of accident and injury. Providing ample protective clothing and gear will help them to be more comfortable when it’s cold, rainy and/or windy.

Don Appropriate Hand and Footwear. Gloves should fit snugly and have a nonslip grip, especially when working with hand tools. Boots should have a heavy tread to prevent slipping. Boots should come up over the ankles, and the top of the boots should be underneath the pant leg, rather than the other way around.

Make Sure Workers Are Seen. When visibility is poor, workers should have bright, reflective outerwear, especially in areas with vehicle traffic.

Construction Consultant

Top 10 Construction Companies in the World

10. Laing O’Rourke

The British-based company is young compared to some of its fellow top-tenners, but has quickly expanded, working on several high-profile projects in the last decade, including Ascot Racecourse and Heathrow Airport Terminal 5. Oversees it is currently involved in the huge Al Raha beach development in Abu Dhabi.

9. Royal BAM Group

Founded in 1886 in Holland, the company built Ajax football club’s Amsterdam Arena in its native Netherlands in 1996. Bataafsche Aanneming Maatschappij, from which the company abbreviates its name, translates as Batavian Construction Company for Construction and Concrete Projects. Around 27,000 people work for the group.

8. Kiewit

Nebraska-based Kiewit is unique within this list in that it is owned by its employees, meaning almost all its projects are staffed by shareholders. The company was named number three in Engineering News-Record’s Top 400 Contractors of 2013.

7. Bouygues Construction

The French company employs more than 130,000 people in 80 different countries. In the mid 1990s it expanded into telecoms, which became another major revenue stream. Its subsidiary, Colas Group, specialises in road construction and rail track construction.

6. Balfour Beatty

The multinational was founded in 1909 by George Balfour and Andrew Beatty. Headquartered in London, the company is currently an integral part of the Crossrail project in the UK capital. It operates in more than 80 countries around the world and employs some 40,000 people.

5. Skanska

Based in Sweden, the multinational operates in the residential, commercial, residential and infrastructure sectors. In the US, the company is known for constructing the Meadowland Sports Complex, home to the NFL’s New York Jets and Giants. Skanska employs more than 50,000 people.

4. Hochtief

Focusing on infrastructure projects, the German company operates in the US through its Turner subsidiary. Hochtief employs around 80,000 people and celebrates its 140th anniversary this year. Spanish contractor Grupo ACS has owned a majority stake in the company of 50.16 percent since 2011.

3. Bechtel

The largest US contractor has worked on such high-profile projects as the Hoover Dam completed back in 1936, the Trans-Alaska Pipeline system in the ‘70s and more recently the ‘Big Dig’ Central Artery project finished in 2007. The company employs more than 53,000 people around the world.

2. Grupo ACS

The Spanish contractor was formed in 1997 through the merger of two other construction companies. It has grown through several high-profile acquisitions including that of Hochtief. The company has worked on the Alqueva Dam in Portugal and Torre de Cristal and Torre Espacio skyscrapers in its home country.

  Vinci

The 115 year-old French giant reports the largest revenues of any privately-owned construction company in the world, a position it has achieved through shrewd acquisitions and effective delivery of high-profile, large-scale infrastructure projects such as the Gariep Dam in South Africa, completed in 1971 and the Stade de France. The arena was built for the 1998 football World Cup, and now serves as France’s national Stadium.

Operating worldwide, the Group employs more than 183,000 people according to the last available figures (from 2011).

The Group is currently working on the €440 million express-lane highway system in Atlanta, Georgia and the Wheatstone Liquefied Natural Gas Project in Australia.

Source: Construction Global

Construction Consultant

Distinction among Supervisors and Site engineers

Let us say a slab needs to be casted on site.

  • Site engineer will calculate the quantity of shuttering plywood required to cast the slab.
    • Supervisor will make sure the carpenters are on the job and deliver the required quantity of shuttering plywood to the site at the earliest.
  • Site engineer will instruct the supervisor to check the alignment of shuttering.
    • Supervisor makes sure the alignment is fine.
  • Site engineer will calculate the quantity of steel bars required to place in the slab along with the dimensions and shapes.
    • Supervisor will make sure the bar benders are on the job and deliver the required quantity of shuttering plywood to the site at the earliest.
  • Site engineer will instruct the supervisor regarding the placement of bars in the structural member.
    • Supervisor makes sure all the steel bars are placed as per the instructions of Site engineer.
  • While placing concrete, site engineer instructs supervisor how to allocate the manpower to get maximum productivity.
    • Supervisor makes sure the manpower is allocated at the required location as per the instructions of site engineer.

To sum up, Supervisors assist site engineers to maximize the productivity of work.

Construction Consultant

5 Things You Must Know about The Construction Industry

It’s Not All About The Building Site

When somebody makes reference to a building site straight away you consider manufacturers with blocks and concrete, on a chilly blustery day. However, it’s a long way from that, it’s a lot greater. There are such a large number of employments you can do on a building site, for instance, a circuit tester, handyman, chippy, Architects, venture chiefs and wellbeing and security counselors that watch out for everything on location ensuring that you’re sheltered and nature. Each component is critical to the achievement of a construct.

It’s A Big Achievement

Your work has a tremendous effect on individuals’ lives whether that is fabricating new houses for individuals to live in or revamping somebody’s fantasy home. Be that as it may, it could simply be somebody’s garden venture. The rundown goes on! All that you glance back freely be an accomplishment as it’s there for all to see and respect.

There Are Opportunities To Travel

In the development business, a few organizations may require your aptitudes around the globe which will give you the chance to travel! Your flights and your settlement will be altogether paid for. Before you know it you could be in Dubai or Brasilia. Who knows?! Master aptitudes are dependably popular, everywhere throughout the world. Particularly British quality and aptitude.

So Be Amazed

You could get some amazing chances to work in acclaimed structures that you may never observe again in a real existence time. They don’t need to be well known to be knocked off your feet. It could simply be a wonderful building that makes you feel regarded to carry out your activity. You never realize your abilities could lead you to chip away at the following well known working on the planet or notwithstanding doing the getting ready for it!

So whenever you think about a moist cool building site … . keep in mind the various open doors those aptitudes could give you.

Construction Consultant

Choosing the Best Constractor

Picking the correct temporary worker not just means your completed the process of building will be all that you need it to be; it likewise implies the procedure itself will go easily and in an auspicious manner. It’s essentially not justified, despite any potential benefits to procure a temporary worker who won’t convey what you need with at least problem. You need somebody with whom you can truly work and impart.

  • Ask individuals up to date

Verbal exchange is as yet a standout amongst other approaches to discover quality administrations, and with regards to contractual workers, similar remains constant. Ask individuals who have encounter working with contractual workers, who have utilized temporary workers and who work close by them. For instance: building monitors.

  • Try not to surge the procedure

Being in a rush can cost you cash and make cerebral pains. Begin searching for a best contractual worker at an early stage, so you can settle on an educated choice dependent on actualities.

  • Converse with a few contractual workers

Begin making telephone calls. Make inquiries and figure out the manner in which they work. Do they appear to be open, accessible, and willing to answer your inquiries? Or on the other hand do they essentially weight you into picking them, and reveal to all of you about how great they are.

  • Request references

This is standard, and shouldn’t be skipped or overlooked. A best development temporary worker ought to have the capacity to give a strong rundown of references, and truly, you ought to catch up with them.

  • Ask the correct inquiries

It’s one thing to be a decent contractual worker; it’s another to be the correct temporary worker. Discover more about how they function, what number of activities they go up against on the double, what their essential subject matter is, and whether they work with subcontractors, and provided that this is true, to what extent they have worked with them.

The way toward finding a contractual worker takes a brief period and some exploration, yet you’ll be happy you went the additional mile. The above rundown will enable you to begin finding the contractual worker that is a solid match for your venture.

Construction Consultant

5 tips for choosing the right construction contractor

Choosing the right contractor not only means your finished building will be everything you want it to be; it also means the process itself will go smoothly and in a timely fashion. It’s simply not worth it to hire a contractor who will not deliver what you want with a minimum of hassle. You want someone with whom you can really work and communicate.

  1. Ask people in the know

Word of mouth is still one of the best ways to find quality services, and when it comes to contractors, the same holds true. Ask people who have experience working with contractors, who have used contractors and who work alongside them. For example: building inspectors.

  1. Don’t rush the process

Being in a hurry can cost you money and create headaches. Start looking for a top contractor early on, so you can make an informed decision based on facts.

  1. Talk to several contractors

Start making phone calls. Ask them questions and get a feel for the way they work. Do they seem accessible, available, and willing to answer your questions? Or do they simply pressure you into choosing them, and tell you all about how wonderful they are.

  1. Ask for references

This is standard, and shouldn’t be skipped or glossed over. A top construction contractor should be able to provide a solid list of references, and yes, you should follow up with them.

  1. Ask the right questions

It’s one thing to be a good contractor; it’s another to be the right contractor. Find out more about how they work, how many projects they take on at once, what their primary area of expertise is, and whether they work with subcontractors, and if so, how long they have worked with them.

The process of finding a contractor takes a little time and some research, but you’ll be glad you went the extra mile. The above list will help you get started finding the contractor that’s a good fit for your project.

Construction Consultant, House Renovation

Importance of Entryways

Importance of Home DoorsThe entryway of your home is one of the first things people notice when they approach your home, whether they’re just visiting or thinking of buying it. Here’s why your entryway is one of the most important components of your home:

Curb appeal

Simply put, freshly painted and properly installed doors just look good. Upgrading your entryway adds instant market value to your home. Even if you’re not thinking of selling in the near future, consider it an investment (and a way to wow the neighbors). Dollar for dollar, this is one of the home improvement investments with the highest return.

Express your personal style

Is your decorating style classic? Modern? Bold and colorful? What about modern farmhouse? Express your unique sense of style with an updated entryway.

Improve energy efficiency and insulation

Over time, exposure to the elements damages your home’s door, not to mention sub-floor, joist, rim joist and sill. This damage allows outside air to enter your home, jacking up your heating and cooling costs while making your home feel drafty. Make your home more comfortable and eco-friendly while saving money by getting a new door.

Enhance security

Your entryway does more than welcome guests. It can also keep intruders out with alarms and smart sensors. Make sure your home and belongings stay safe when you’re away by installing security features in your entryway.